AISI 8620, 1.6523, SNCM220 Case Hardening Steel

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AISI 8620, 1.6523, SNCM220 Case Hardening Steel Alloy Steel

AISI 8620 Suppliers - Alloy Steel 1.6523, SNCM220 Case Hardening Steel 

AISI 8620 is a low-nickel-chromium-molybdenum medium hardenability, case hadening (carburizing) steel, which generally supplied in the as rolled condition with a maximum brinell hardness of 280 (RC30).  

ASTM 8620 Steel is characterised by good core strength and toughness in small to medium sections with case hardness up to Rc62 when carburized, hardened and tempered.

AISI 8620 Case Hardening Steel can also be used (uncarburised) as a high tensile steel, which when suitably hardened and tempered can be utilized for various applications requiring good tensile strength and reasonable  toughness.

Pre hardened and tempered (uncarburized) Material 8620 can be further surface hardened by nitriding but will not respond satisfactorily to flame or induction hardening due to its low carbon content.

SAE 8620 steel (carburized) is used extensively by all industry sectors for light to medium stressed components and shafts requiring high surface wear resistance with reasonable core strength and impact properties.

Chemical Composition of AISI 8620 

C Mn P S Si Mo Ni Cr
0.18-0.23 0.7-0.9 max 0.035 max 0.040 0.15-0.35 0.15-0.25 0.4-0.7 0.4-0.7

Applications of Material Material 8620  | 1.6523 Case Harden Steel

Caburized splined shafts, piston pins, cam shafts, guide pins, bushings, automotive differential pinions and transmissions, arbors, bearings, sleeves king pins, carburized gears, general engineering purposes.

SAE 8620 Steel is equivalent to 

Country USA DIN BS BS Japan
Standard ASTM A29 DIN 1654 EN 10084 BS 970 JIS G4103
Grades 8620 1.6523/
805M20 SNCM220


Mechanical Properties of Case Hardening Steel 8620 

Properties Metric Imperial
Tensile strength 530 MPa 76900 psi
Yield strength 385 MPa 55800 psi
Elastic modulus 190-210 GPa 27557-30458 ksi
Bulk modulus (typical for steel) 140 GPa 20300 ksi
Shear modulus (typical for steel) 80 GPa 11600 ksi
Poisson’s ratio 0.27-0.30 0.27-0.30
Izod Impact 115 J 84.8
Hardness, Brinell 149 149
Hardness, Knoop (converted from Brinell hardness) 169 169
Hardness, Rockwell B (converted from Brinell hardness) 80 80
Hardness, Vickers (converted from Brinell hardness) 155 155
Machinability (hot rolled and cold drawn, based on 100 machinability for AISI 1212 steel) 65 65

Heat Treatment of ASTM 8620 

  • Annealing
    AISI 8620 steel may be given a full anneal by heat to 820íŠ – 850íŠ, and hold until temperature  is uniform throughout the section and cool in furnace or air cooled.

  • Tempering
    Tempering of heat treated and water quenched parts of 8620 steels (not carburized) is done       at 400 F to 1300 F to improve case toughness with minimal effect on its hardness. This will     also reduce the possibility of grinding cracks.

  • Hardening
    8620 steel will be austenitized at around 840°C – 870°C, and oil or water quenched depending upon section size and intricacy. Cool in Air or Oil required.

  •  Normalizing
    1675ºF (910ºC) and air cool. This is another method of improving machinability in 8620 material; normalizing might also be used prior to case hardening.

Machinability of SAE 8620 Material 

The 8620 alloy steel is readily machined after heat treatment and/or carburizing, should be at a minimum so as not to impair the hardened case of the part. Machining may be done by conventional means prior to heat treatment – after carburizing machining is usually limited to grinding.

Welding of Alloy Steel 8620 Materials

The 8620 Alloy Steel may be welded as rolled condition by conventional methods, usually gas or arc welding.

Preheating at 400F is beneficial and subsequent heating after welding is recommended – consult the approved weld procedure for the method used. However, welding in the case hardened or through hardened condition is not recommended

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